SharePoint has different types of development methods that keep on growing. As we write, Microsoft might come up with a new method that you need to learn. Hence, let’s go through the trending SharePoint development and explain when to use or not use them. However, we commence, it is essential to focus our attention on the different ways to deploy SharePoint development services.
In the forthcoming sections of this write-up, we have provided some trending SharePoint development methods in the current year. We promise that after reading this piece of content, you will be in a far better position to apply the SharePoint development methods as SharePoint developers and get the maximum out of it.
Before we look at the trending SharePoint development methods, it is essential to divert our attention to the different ways to deploy SharePoint.
There are three ways:
- SharePoint Online
- Classic vs. Modern pages
Let’s look explain each one of these.
This type of deployment happens when you install a SharePoint server and control the infrastructure. It is possible to get more alternatives from a SharePoint development method perspective when it comes to on-premises implementations. The only limitation is, there is a real headache when it comes to upgrades and maintenance.
This is nothing but the Office 365 cloud. The fantastic part is, Microsoft maintains the servers on your behalf. On top of this, it even performs incremental upgrades. However, you do not have control over the servers since there are restrictive SharePoint development methods. The reason being, Microsoft does not wish you to break a server that is shared with you and someone else.
Classic vs. Modern Pages
This alternative is only available if you employ SharePoint Online. (Note: Microsoft has plans to integrate it in SharePoint 2019 On-Premises). As we write, Modern pages keep on evolving, and there are certain methods that we will discuss later differ for Modern Pages vs. Classic Pages.
Now, that you are aware of the different ways to deploy SharePoint, it is time to discuss the trending SharePoint development methods in the year 2019.
It was in the year 2001 when Microsoft SharePoint formally came into existence. However, the first customization alternative, i.e., farm solution got introduced in MOSS 2007. The fantastic thing about this method is the fact that it consists of a custom managed code that is deployed to the SharePoint farm servers. It communicates with SharePoint through the server-side object model.
A single file consists of the code related assemblies, XML, and other files in the extension which is known as a solution package. This solution package is nothing but a file containing a .wsp extension. However, it consists of .cab-based format. This package consists of SharePoint features and their connected components.
The access to upload/deploy a solution package into the farm’s solution store is only given to a farm administrator. A farm solution can include the following features: web application, comprehensive farm scope, or the site collection. With the help of this solution, it is possible to personalize SharePoint administrative functions like extensions of Central Administration, custom timer jobs, custom Windows PowerShell cmdlets, etc.
A fantastic thing about the assemblies of farm solution is, it always runs with full trust. However, you can employ an assembly in conjunction with custom code access security (CAS) system policy to provide the aseembly less than full trust.
On top of this, you will be glad to know there are zero resource usage restrictions.
IIS worker process (W3WP.exe) is employed to host the farm solution code. Whenever any developer activates/deactivates or deploys the feature, the IIS application pool of the system gets recycled. It is not possible to distribute the farm solution through the Office Store. It is also not possible to install on SharePoint Online.
Sandbox solutions got introduced by Microsoft in SharePoint 2010 version. Similar to a farm solution, this SharePoint development method is also a solution package (.wsp) file. However, unlike a farm solution where the admin has complete control over the authorization in Sandbox solution, it is possible for the site collector administrator to install custom solutions without taking prior permission to complete the task in hand.
It is possible to view the sandbox solutions in the solution gallery of a site collection. However, the components of a sand-boxed solution always have to face considerably restricted Code Access Security (CAS) policy and other resource access restrictions.
A sandboxed solution comprises codes that run against the SharePoint client-side object model. It is possible to view it being hosted in the SharePoint user code solution worker process (SPUCWorkerProcess.exe).
Please note that a sandboxed solution works outside of the IIS worker process. Hence, if any developer deploys or activates/deactivates solutions to deploy per site collection. The only restriction is, it can be installed by only the site collection administrator. You cannot run it on a cross-domain site.
SharePoint 2013 version included Microsoft SharePoint Apps, which was later termed as SharePoint Add-ins. It is nothing but self-contained extensions that may encompass cloud-based logic and data, SharePoint components, and client-side scripts. However, it does not include custom managed codes running on SharePoint servers. You can install them from the Office Store or an organization add-in catalog.
SharePoint Add-Ins can be divided into two types:
- SharePoint hosted add-ins
- Provider-hosted add-ins
Let’s look at both of them in detail.
SharePoint hosted add-ins
The website where the add-in is installed is known as the host web. It is this site where the Add-Ins are launched. The website on which add-in is deployed is known as the add-in web.
Provider hosted add-ins
In comparison to SharePoint Hosted Add-in, the Provider Hosted add-in concentrates on the round web application or data source. However, it does not take into consideration the SharePoint components. Although it can consist of the SharePoint components. Remote server-side code or code in non-Microsoft technology like Python, Java etc. consists of the business logic.
All its components are hosted outside of the SharePoint farm. Along with this, it has a minimum of one remote component that is hosted outside the SharePoint Online Subscription or SharePoint farm.
To utilize all these trending SharePoint development trends in the year 2019, we recommend you to avail the services of a professional SharePoint development company today!
Harshal Shah is CEO at WebITGurus, WebITGurus is a best .Net Development Company Offering .Net Applications Development Services like, SharePoint , C#, WCF Solutions, IOT Solution and Asp.net Development.